Saturday, January 21, 2017

Macehualli Day Laborers Are Directly Responsible for the Defeat of Joe Arpaio 

Sheriff Joe Arpaio at a rally for Donald Trump (Photo by Gage Skidmore)

By Salvador Reza

In the United States, the “Historical Memory Management Industry” is the nonprofit, government and corporate industrial complex that records and imprints historical views by utilizing highly-educated and highly-technologically advanced mind managers. The media managers intend to neutralize future critical analysis and craft the talking points for academics and media personalities.

In the case of the rise and fall of Maricopa County Sheriff Joe Arpaio, that story has already been redacted. The information peddled by mass media and most academic accounts are inaccurate. The rise and fall of Sheriff Joe from power and its aftermath, as well as the rise of Donald J. Trump, need to be seen from the perspective of the affected communities, day laborers and their families.

In retrospect, the Macehualli, (day laborers organized to find work in Phoenix) were forced by the attacks against them to become a conscripted migrant resister in a high-stakes war for survival. At first, these groups were unprepared for the consequences of Arizona’s policy, orchestrated by well-organized “attrition by enforcement” proponents. “Attrition by enforcement” remains the underlying tactic by the newly-elected president Donald Trump in the quest for corporate take over of world economic migrations. Unfortunately, the implementation of those policies are spearheaded by the Corporate State and its servants: The nonprofit industrial complex.

Joe Arpaio rose to power by riding the well-designed and well-orchestrated plans of the Federation for American Immigration Reform (FAIR), and the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC) aided by their legal arm, Judicial Watch, and executed on the ground by their foot soldiers, the Minutemen. The plan was jump started in 2004 with the Minuteman Defense Corp. The plan’s first orchestrated ground attack sent the Minutemen to the border. Their goal? To intercept “illegal aliens” and support the Border Patrol in stopping the “invasion.” (Eleven years later, their strategy was refined and later perfected by Trump’s campaign message of the “criminal alien.”) In order to accomplish their task, the conservative think-tanks, financed by right-wing foundations and corporations, unleashed ALEC. ALEC chose states ripe for taking over facilitating the introduction of legislative proposals to control day laborers and “illegal immigration.”

After the initial border media blitz of 2004, the second attack phase concentrated on day laborers. In the eyes of the “attrition by enforcement” supporters, day laborers were the most vulnerable visible faces of an uncontrolled invasion. It was during the fall of 2005 that the Minutemen moved their operation from the border to the Home Depot on 36th and Thomas Rd. in Phoenix, Arizona. Their intent was to push “anti-illegal alien bills” locally and win over the merchant community. They were able to lobby the City of Phoenix to launch an unconstitutional quest to eradicate day laborers from street corners and sidewalks in the area. That ultimately led to 2010 and the creation of SB1070, which gave any police officer the power to inquire about legal status of anyone suspected of being in the U.S. without documentation. The police agencies subsequently turned suspected detainees over to ICE for removal. While everyone was going to the border to monitor the Minutemen, legislators were churning out ALEC-designed bills behind closed doors.

On the merchant part, anti-immigrant voices were able to convince a small number of businesses to use enforcement as a way to resolve the day labor problem. After months of counter-protests by the Macehualli Day Laborers and their allies, the City of Phoenix realized the potential for a First Amendment challenge to their practices and ceased from persecuting the day laborers.

Little did anyone suspect that the worst was yet to come. Arpaio marshaled Maricopa County sheriffs into an all-out assault against brown-skinned people.

At the end of 2006, the City of Phoenix distanced itself from enforcing unconstitutional day labor arrests, causing Judicial Watch to file a lawsuit against Phoenix Police Chief Jack Harris in an effort to intimidate the city and force anti-day labor legislation in the state legislature. The Minutemen, with the aid of Judicial Watch, recruited Sheriff Joe Arpaio, a recent convert to their cause. Arpaio, with a brand new 287(g) program (brought to him by lobbying from Governor Janet Napolitano), came to show the City of Phoenix “how it was done.”

The first few weeks were brutal. Arpaio, utilizing the support from local merchants, followed the script from the City of Phoenix and lent “off duty” 287(g) trained sheriff deputies to “safeguard” the furniture store from “day labor trespassers.” It was an orchestrated fictional scenario also by Pruitt’s Furniture store owner, who agreed with the Minutemen approach of forcing out the “illegal aliens” from his neighborhood.

The media painted store owner Roger Sensing as a victim of unscrupulous “illegal” laborers. Even today, academics doing research keep repeating the same lie. The day labor concentration was two blocks away in front of Home Depot and it was not until The New York Times’ Lawrence Downes exposed the fact that the story was a lie.

The first weeks of raids on day laborers were horrific. Arpaio, armed with 287(g) agreements, started arresting and deporting dozens of day laborers weekly. The store owner, with his binoculars, would spot a truck picking up day laborers, call his off-duty sheriffs who would follow the car, stop the driver, question them on their status, arrest the day laborers and turn them over to ICE. That was the beginning of the end for Arpaio’s 24 years in power started. It was Don Marcelino, a day laborer from Chiapas who came to me and asked for help.

“They are hunting us down like animals” Marcelino said. “We want to do something about the store owner, he is the one pointing us out to the sheriffs.”
“It won’t be easy,” I told him.
Marcelino answered, “If they are going to deport or incarcerate us, then let’s make it worth our time.”


We scheduled the protest to coincide with the holiday shopping. Every Saturday morning.

The “Hispanic gentry,” the insiders in City Hall, newspaper owners from the community, all counseled against taking on Arpaio,

“It will only give him the publicity he wants” they would tell us.

For the Macehualli day laborers, doing nothing was not an option. Hundreds were being deported. It was too late, and the fight was on. The target was not Arpaio—it was the economic infrastructure that supported his policy. A lesson that many non-profits are unwilling to utilize since it would have an effect on their funding sources.

According to Sensing, the boycott cost him half his business. He did not realize that 60% of his customers were Mexican. The others were people hiring day laborers to fix their homes. By Christmas morning, Sensing, after losing his Black Friday and Christmas profits, realized his mistake and evicted Sheriff Joe from his property, along with his Minutemen cadre of bikers, neo-Nazis and racist supporters. The assortment of right-wing extremists had made Pruitt’s the battleground to stop what they called the “Reconquista.”
The Macehualli chose economic pressure to squeeze out Arpaio’s venom.

In fact, when you read the legal briefs on the Melendres v. Arpaio case, the argument lies squarely on the abuse by MCSO officers and their unconstitutional abuse of day laborers at Pruitt’s and the subsequent series of raids into day laborer neighborhoods. Arpaio’s alibi to conduct the raids was that he was responding to the request of a handful of merchants recruited by car dealer,Rusty Childress and Buffalo Rick Galaneer, an avowed racist whose sole purpose in life was to get rid of “illegals.”

The so-called “saturation patrols” conducted by Arpaio were no more than the expansion of the plan utilized against day laborers, stopping cars with some excuse to intimidate the general population wherever brown-skinned people lived and worked.

“Attrition by enforcement” was in full force, and we were going to resist.

When they ask me who was responsible for defeating Arpaio, it was the boots on the ground, the Macehualli organized day labor workers. The legal and political backing came locally from Tonatierra and nationally from the National Day Labor Organizing Network. When the problem catapulted to national and international arenas, the ACLU, MALDEF, NILC and a spectrum of national groups offered legal backing and amplification.

However, the tactic that did in Arpaio was the application of concentrated economic pressure on the supporters of Arizona Apartheid. Merchants, Wells Fargo Bank and the Arizona Chamber of Commerce all acted in 2011 to stop racist bills and took on state senator Russell Pearce. The economic losses to the state were exorbitant. In just a couple of years, Arizona fell from second in growth in the United States to dead last.

It had worked: the Apache tactic of attacking a superior force in a concentrated narrow specific point to draw them in to an ambush. The day laborers brought in all the forces pro and against “immigration reform” into focus, shining the light on the atrocities of Arpaio and his unconstitutional, inhumane tactics. It forced the Phoenix, Maricopa County and Arizona to choose in the same manner as Pruitt’s owner: between economic losses or inhumane laws.

Still… Arizona Is Now Trump Policy

However, the right-wing plan was to make Arizona the pilot, yet now it has reached epidemic proportions with the election of Trump. The Arizona experiment has become the national agenda. It is not enough to concentrate on electoral politics without a plan to organize on the streets and empower the affected communities within their own ranks. That has not happened with the nonprofit sector leading the way. They have too many invested interests with the economic political ruling class. It has to be an independent grassroots self-funded movement away from inside political players.

We cannot have NCLR attorneys calling off a boycott they never started, or liberal legal defense organizations deciding when to suit or settle on blatant cases of police abuse.
A movement doesn’t stop just because the legislators and the merchants are feeling the pressure after harsh economic losses brought on by their racist practices. The Chambers of Commerce leveraged the legislators and asked NCLR to intervene with Spanish media to prevent further losses. However, SB1070 was still warm off the printing presses. They capitulated too early. MALDEF and ACLU did a great job on Melendres vs. Arpaio, but were unable to eradicate SB1070 Section 2B: the “show me your papers” clause. There were no economic consequences to the state after most of the nonprofit sector and Hispanic chambers of commerce had prematurely called off the economic punishment to Arizona.
Therefore, day laborers and barrio defense committees exemplify the independent model to win future wars that are brewing nationally. Do not misunderstand me: the legal strategy and the nonprofit sectors are an essential part of the struggle but the decision-makers can only be the affected communities organized around their common interests. Nonprofits should facilitate access and assist the organizing in the barrios, the ghettos, the communities—but their role should never be to broker negotiations for them. They sell out every time to the next grant or corporate contribution arrives from their corporate friends.

Trump may try to buy off politicians like Mexico’s Enrique Peña Nieto, but he will never buy off the community.


Always From the Ground Up

The 1960s nonprofit model of political organizing is irrelevant today. They have become appendages of the Foundation World and by extension of the corporate class in direct conflict with the interests of the communities they serve.

Nonprofit directors and staff have become the gentry at the service of the corporate state that reigns supreme over nature, human beings and earth resources. The counter to the model has been exemplified by the resistance at Standing Rock by the Lakota people against the most powerful banks and corporate America. However, a struggle of those dimensions cannot be maintained without permanently organized autonomous barrios, communities, clans, tribes and nations.

The overthrow of Arpaio is the proof: loosely organized day laborer corners (with the support of Tonatierra, and the National Day Labor Organizing Network) were able to resist Sheriff Joe for eight years. Despite heavy losses, deportations, betrayals, they can proudly stand up and be counted and say without fear that they were the ones who withstood Arpaio when everyone else vilified them, criticized them and finally came to their side when the ugly picture of injustice was broadcast throughout the world.

Crediting Arpaio’s defeat to electoral politics alone is an insult to Don Marcelino and the hundreds of day laborers who still stand every day at the same corners looking for work to feed their families.

Tuesday, January 10, 2017

¡ No Al Gasolinazo, Fuera Peña Nieto!

Tlahtol Macehualli
Los Comités de Defensa del Barrio
Territorio Odham Jeved - Phoenix, Aztlan
Donde vive el espíritu de la verdad

¡ No Al Gasolinazo, Fuera Peña Nieto!, retumbara este sábado 14, de enero en una marcha solidaria con el pueblo de Mexico aquí en Phoenix. Partirá del Consulado Mexicano en Phoenix a la línea de Autobuses Tufesa localizada en la 27 Ave y McDowell. Esa empresa al igual que todas las empresas mexicanas sufrirán igual que el pueblo con el alza de la gasolina que solo beneficia a la clase política y los grandes inversionistas de Wall Street. Los invitamos a concentrarnos frente al Consulado Mexicano en Phoenix a las 10:00 de la mañana para de allí partir por la McDowell hasta la 27 Avenida.

No Al Gasolinazo” estallo el grito de guerra en todo Mexico. “Fuera Peña Nieto” se escuchó el eco por toda la nación y retumbo en todo el mundo. El himno nacional mexicano se escuchaba tomando fronteras, ferrocarriles, carreteras, al enfrentar la policía y los federales.  “Más si osare un extraño enemigo profanar con su planta tu suelo, piensa ¡oh patria querida! que el cielo un soldado en cada hijo te dio.”  La policía servil y muerta de hambre impuestos a intimidar entraron sin saber lo que les esperaba. Les llovieron piedras, botes y hasta un carro los embistió en Rosarito Baja California desbaratando sus filas intimidantes.

“¡Guerra, guerra sin tregua al que intente de la patria manchar los blasones! ¡guerra, guerra! los patrios pendones en las olas de sangre empapad. ¡guerra, guerra! en el monte, en el valle los cañones horrísonos truenen, y los ecos sonoros resuenen con las voces de ¡unión! ¡libertad!”  Y por una semana a retumbado la tierra mexicana al sonoro rugir del pueblo enfrentando los policías anti-motines y las ráfagas de balas por parte de los policías.

Nada como esto se había visto desde la Revolución Mexicana, no se vio en el '68 ni durante la breve guerra de guerrillas, el pueblo perdió el miedo y salió con la resolución de acabar con la explotación por parte de una cúpula política corporativa que no solo se burla del pueblo sino que además lo quiere condenar a condiciones peores que de la tienda de raya en la encomienda o la hacienda.

Desafortunadamente, la prensa norteamericana ha estado totalmente callada. Prefieren vociferar en contra Venezuela donde el precio de la gasolina está a 10 centavos el litro que denunciar el régimen de Peña Nieto donde un galón de gasolina equivale a un día de trabajo de aproximadamente 4 solares al día. Pero el levantamiento del pueblo mexicano ya está causando estragos deteniendo los trenes hacia estados unidos por siete días seguidos y causando bajas en el transporte con los cierres de puentes internacionales. Al igual como en la Revolución Mexicana los agentes norteamericanos cierran las fronteras y se ponen de espectadores en las revueltas populares. Sin embargo, no hay que confiar. El ejército ha estado silencioso en este enfrentamiento y espera la orden de Washington para descabezar a Peña Nieto o lanzarse con todo contra su propio pueblo.

De cualquier manera, a partir del primero de enero del 2017 retiembla la tierra mexicana con el rugir de un pueblo dispuesto a todo y llegar hasta las máximas consecuencias. Los intermediarios harán todo lo posible para calmarlo.

Salvador Reza

Saturday, December 24, 2016



Contacto: Antonio Tizapa

Tel. 347-451-7542


•          Bajo el trato hostil tanto del presidente electo de Estados Unidos y del presidente mexicano, el padre de uno de los estudiantes de Ayotzinapa que fueron desaparecidos por las fuerzas de la policía federal en México estará acampando en huelga de hambre en Nochebuena y Navidad en NY.

•          Esta huelga de hambre es una protesta pacífica que se propone sensibilizar a la gente de todo el mundo sobre lo que verdaderamente está pasando en México.

•          La comunidad mexicana invita a la comunidad neoyorquina a pasar a visitarlo y decirle que no está solo.
Bajo la campaña abiertamente antimexicana que acogen los votantes de Trump en EEUU y la violencia en su patria, perpetrada por su narcogobierno, ni Antonio Tizapa, padre de uno de los 43 normalistas de Ayotzinapa desaparecidos, ni sus muchos partidarios, se pueden dar el lujo de celebrar la Navidad este año en Nueva York. Desde el día 24 al mediodía, él estará en huelga de hambre hasta el mediodía del 26, a fin de dejar claro que para las víctimas del  narcogobierno y exigir que se enjuicie a los criminales (que ahora sabemos que fueron miembros del Ejército Mexicano que protegían cargamentos de heroína para el narcotráfico) y al gobierno que a todos los niveles protege y facilita sus crímenes).

La comunidad mexicana en Nueva York es víctima de los malos acuerdos comerciales impuestos sin su consentimiento por los gobiernos de México y Estados Unidos, los cuales los obligan a emigrar. Y es también víctima del narcotráfico (protegido por los bancos norteamericanos). Ahora, para colmo, la campaña de Trump ha detonado un sentimiento antimexicano por todo el país y bajo el nuevo gobierno la situación no va a mejorar para los mexicanos que viven y trabajan en Estados Unidos. Por esa razón, invitan a la población a mostrar su solidaridad a Tizapa en esta temporada de fiestas, pues él no se puede dar el lujo de quedarse en casa y disfrutar la Navidad. “El espíritu de esta temporada es la compasión y el amor. Si estás en NYC, haz planes para darte una vuelta en algún momento para saludarlo y decirle que no está solo”, recomendó uno de sus simpatizantes.

ANTECEDENTES: Desde hace más de dos años, el trabajador inmigrante mexicano residente en Nueva York Antonio Tizapa busca incansablemente a su hijo, Jorge Antonio Tizapa Legideño. Se trata de uno de los 43 estudiantes de la escuela pública rural de Ayotzinapa, Guerrero, que desaparecieron a manos de la policía federal cuando se dirigían a una manifestación, con la demostrada complicidad del gobierno a nivel local, estatal y federal, y del ejército mexicano. Según ha probado un grupo independiente de expertos investigadores internacionales, la versión que proporcionó el gobierno para explicar la desaparición de los estudiantes es falsa. Así lo demuestran datos tan simples como el hecho de que llovió toda la noche en el lugar donde las autoridades aseguran que los cuerpos de los estudiantes fueron incinerados a manos de unos narcotraficantes.

QUÉ: Conferencia de prensa y huelga de hambre durante 2 días
CUÁNDO:  Comienza el 24 de diciembre al mediodía, hasta el 26 de dic.
DÓNDE:  Núm. 27 de la calle 39, entre Madison y Park Ave.


Contact: Antonio Tizapa

Tel. 347-451-7542


•          Under both the US president-elect’s and the Mexican president’s hostile treatment, father of missing Ayotzinapa student who was forcibly disappeared by federal police forces in Mexico will be camping on hunger strike this Christmas Eve and Christmas Day in NYC.

•          This hunger strike is a peaceful protest that seeks to sensitize people around the world about what is really happening in Mexico

•          The Mexican community invites the NY community to come visit and tell him he is not alone

Under an overtly anti-Mexican campaign embraced by Trump’s voters in the US and the violence in his homeland perpetrated by his government involved in the organized crime, Antonio Tizapa, father of  one of the 43 missing Ayotzinapa students, and his many supporters, cannot afford celebrate Christmas this year in NYC. He will be on hunger strike from December 24th noon to December 26th, to make clear that there is no Christmas for the victims of the organized crime which operates inside the Mexican Government, demanding justice for the criminals (who we now know were members of the Mexican Army protecting heroine for the organized crime) and the government at all levels enabling their crimes.

The Mexican community in NYC is victim of both the bad trade deals - imposed by both the Mexican and US governments that force them to migrate - and the organized crime protected by the US banks. Now, to top it all, the Trump campaign has ignited an anti-Mexican sentiment across the country and things are not going to get better for Mexican people living in the US under the new administration. For that reason, they are inviting the general public in NYC to show their solidarity to Mr. Tizapa these holidays, because he cannot afford stay at home and enjoy the season. “Compassion and love are the spirit of these holidays. If you are in NYC, make plans to drop by, just to say hello and tell him he is not alone,” one of the supporters said.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION: For more than two years, Mexican worker Antonio Tizapa has been tirelessly looking for his son, Jorge Antonio Tizapa Legideño. He is one of 43 students of the rural public school Ayotzinapa in Guerrero State, Mexico, who were attacked, kidnapped and disappeared by the Federal Police while headed to a political rally, with the proven complicity of the Mexican Government at local, state and federal levels, as well as the Mexican army. As proven by an independent group of international experts, the government provided a false version to explain the disappearance of 43 students.  There is evidence as simple as the fact that it was raining all night long at the spot where the Mexican Attorney General said the students’ bodies were cremated by drug smugglers.

WHAT: Press Conference and hunger strike for 2 days

WHEN: Starting Saturday Dec. 24th noon-Dec. 26 noon

WHERE: 27 E 39 St, NY 10016 (Bet. Madison and Park)


Thursday, November 10, 2016


La Comisión de Derechos Humanos de los Comités de Defensa del Barrio

Human Rights Commission of the Comités de Defensa del Barrio


10 de Noviembre de 2016

Dr. Chad E. Gestson, Superintendente
Phoenix Union High School District
4502 N. Central Avenue,
Phoenix, AZ 85012

Estimado Superintendente Gestson,

Con la decisión de Plyler v. Doe de la Corte Suprema de los Estados Unidos en 1982, todas las familias y estudiantes dentro de los límites de cualquier distrito escolar en los Estados Unidos se deben el mismo beneficio de los servicios educativos públicos bajo la Cláusula de Igual Protección, lo cual prohíbe "Negar a cualquier persona dentro de su jurisdicción la igual protección de las leyes". Además, es la política pública nacional y derecho civil que todos los padres de cualquier menor deben cumplir con su obligación de inscribir a sus hijos en el sistema educativo público de su residencia, si no se han realizado otras opciones legalmente aprobadas.

Con el ejercicio de todo derecho público, existe una responsabilidad pública antecedente y correspondiente. De hecho, la responsabilidad individual y colectiva del servicio a las obligaciones cívicas de la sociedad pública es un Derecho Humano universal que es extra-constitucional e inherente, que ha sido inscrito en la Declaración Universal de los Derechos Humanos de las Naciones Unidas, con signatario el gobierno de los Estados Unidos.

En el contexto de las cuestiones tratadas en Plyler y en la afirmación de los derechos colectivos inherentes y extra-constitucionales de nuestro constituyente de Familias y Niños de Pueblos Originarios que están matriculados como estudiantes en el Phoenix Union High School District, ofrecemos las siguientes aclaraciones en los turbulentos tiempos de hoy:

Como miembros del público que cumplimos con nuestra responsabilidad individual y colectiva como padres de estudiantes en el Phoenix Union High School District, aclaramos que de acuerdo con la decisión de SCOTUS de Plyler v. Doe nuestra condición de ciudadanos o nacionales de la república(s) es un tema completamente independiente e irrelevante sin relación, a menos que las políticas y procedimientos del PUHSD creen o permitan un "efecto de chill" con respecto al Derecho de Educación Pública de nuestros estudiantes.

Por lo tanto, hacemos un llamado por la proclamación y el establecimiento del Phoenix Union High School District como Distrito de Santuario para el propósito de un embargo oficial contra cualquier actividad de colusión por funcionarios o personal de PUHSD con cualesquiera y todas las operaciones del US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).


Tupac Enrique Acosta
Comisión de Derechos Humanos de las Comisiones de Defensa del Barrio, Secretaría
PO Box 24009
Phoenix, AZ 85074


La Comisión de Derechos Humanos de los Comités de Defensa del Barrio

Human Rights Commission of the
Comités de Defensa del Barrio

November 10, 2016

Dr. Chad E. Gestson, Superintendent
Phoenix Union High School District
4502 N. Central Avenue,
Phoenix, AZ 85012

Dear Superintendent Gestson,

With the Plyler v. Doe decision by the US Supreme Court in 1982, all families and students within the bounds of any school district in the US are due the equal benefit of public educational services under the Equal Protection Clause, which provides that no State shall "deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."  Further, it is established national public policy and law that all parents of any minor must fulfill their obligatory responsibility to enroll their children in the public educational system of their residency, if no other legally approved options have been effected.

With exercise of every public right, there is a preceding and corresponding public responsibility. In fact, the individual and collective responsibility of service to the civic obligations of public society is a universal Human Right that is extra-constitutional and inherent, one that has been inscribed in the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights to which the US government is a signatory.

In the context of the issues addressed in Plyler, and in affirmation of the inherent and extra-constitutional collective rights of our constituencies of Families and Children of Indigenous Peoples who are enrolled as students in the Phoenix Union High School District, we offer the following clarifications in the turbulent times of today:

As members of the public who are in fulfillment of our individual and collective responsibility as parents of students in the Phoenix Union High School District, we clarify that in accord with the SCOTUS decision of Plyler v. Doe our status as citizens or nationals of the republic(s) is a completely separate and irrelevant issue of no bearing unless the policies and procedures of the PUHSD create or allow a "chilling effect" in regards to the Right of Public Education of our students.

Therefore we call for the proclamation and establishment of the Phoenix Union High School District as a Sanctuary District for the purposes of an official embargo against any activity of collusion by PUHSD officials or staff with any and all operations of the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE).


Tupac Enrique Acosta
Human Rights Commission of the Comités de Defensa del Barrio, Secretariat
PO Box 24009
Phoenix, AZ 85074