Tuesday, June 30, 2015

AYOTZINAPA: 4th Report of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts

June 29th, 2015


Progress and Remainings

In its fourth report, the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI, “the Group” from now on) for the Ayotzinapa case made a balance on the requests and inquiries which have been done, the level of compliance and what is still pending.

Among the issues mentioned are: the authorities are still assessing the request for conducting direct interviews to the 27th Battalion. Regarding the recommendations and requests made to the Procuraduría General de la República (PGR, Attorney General´s Office) 30% have been completed of the information given to the Group, and 24% have been partially completed.

The Group highlights the commitment of the Attorney General’s Office to take the necessary steps in order to unify the investigation. Another aspect that Group would like to inform is that a health unit for the parents of the Normal of Ayotzinapa has been installed near the School. As well it is important to praise the will of the family members and the normalistas survivors to collaborate with the authorities in order to continue the investigation, and enrich with their testimony the criminal file.

Due to the fact that it has been said in various occasions throughout these nine months, with regard to the events of September 26th, the Group points out that the original intention of the normalistas was not to go to Iguala’s downtown. It was because of other circumstances that they ended up there.

During the press conference, Alejandro Valencia, Ángela Buitrago, Carlos Beristain, Claudia Paz and Francisco Cox read the following report:

On this occasion, the Group presents an evaluation of the work done in its last visit. After nearly four months since its mandate began, the Group continues to facilitate the contact between the authorities and the family members, as well as with the normalistas who survived the attacks.

Nine months after the events, the relatives of the missing normalistas are still waiting for answers and new efforts in the search for their sons.

The Group has made progress in the analysis of the criminal file, as well as in collecting testimonies, contrasting different versions, gathering statements and evidence, as well as drafting its report.

The Group appreciates the State’s material and logistical support in order to fulfill its mandate.

The key points of the work done during this period, which the Group considers important to publicize, are: 

1. Decision to go to the Iguala’s bus station. In order to contribute to a better understanding of the events, the Group considers relevant to point out that despite the widespread information on the arrival of the normalistas on September 26th to the Central Bus Station of Iguala, according to the research that has been done, such action was not previously planned in order to go to the City’s downtown. The Group received questions on numerous occasions on this fact, by what it considers important to make this clear before giving their final conclusions.

The normalistas of Ayotzinapa came out to collect money and buses on September 26th, at approximately 5 p.m. for the demonstration of October 2nd to Tlatelolco. Since they found difficulties in the previous days to obtain buses in Chilpancingo, the normalistas went to a place known as “Casa del Cura”—priest’s house—, or the junction of the entrance to Huitzuco and the Iguala’s tollbooth. As the Group already said, the subsequent decision to go to the bus station in Iguala was due to circumstances of the moment, therefore not planned.

 2. Commitment to open new search plans. As part of the commitment to contribute to the rapprochement between the Federal Police and the normalistas’ families for the creation of new search plans, the Federal Police carried out, in the presence of members of the Group, a new series of interviews to the relatives. The purpose was to complete the existing information concerning the location of the missing students. With that information, the Federal Police has stated its commitment in presenting to the family new search hypotheses, as well as to respond the questions that the families still have. It should be noticed that the parties agreed upon minimum standards. The Group notes the willingness of the family members to provide, once again, information related to the normalistas who have disappeared, despite the emotional impact that poses to them to deliver new testimonies.

The Group itself, after reviewing the information in the criminal file, has made several requests that it expects to be taken into account by the authorities.

 3. Response to the accumulation and legal characterization of the criminal investigation. The Attorney General informed the Group that it had accepted its recommendation in order to request to the judge the unification of the different judicial investigations opened in different courts. She told the Group that in coordination with us the Attorney General´s Office would reconsider the legal characterization of the facts in the Ayotzinapa case, in order to include crimes that have not been investigated and the precise legal characterization of the facts. This decision is a step forward for such serious events that can be investigated in a holistic manner and tried in accordance with international standards for this type of cases.

4. Response to the request to interview members of 27th Battalion. Yesterday (June 28th) the Group received written response saying that "the State continues to analyze the applicability of the request", as well as it reiterates that "in its character of adjuvant, the Group is entitled at any time to suggest to the Public Ministry to expand the statements that the 36 members (sic) of the 27 Battalion made in quality of witnesses".

More than three months after the request to the authorities to directly interview to military personnel of the 27th Battalion, including those testimonies, which have not been taken, the Group notes with concern the delay on this decision. It should be borne in mind that 9 months have passed since the events, in addition to the urgency that these actions have for the families of the victims, as well as the restricted time of six months that the Group has in order to carry out its mandate. In the Group’s opinion, this delay could be detrimental for the efforts to move forward in the criminal investigation and the new search plans for the missing normalistas. 

5. New investigations carried out directly by the Group or suggested to the Attorney General´s Office. During the past month, several inquiries in relevant places related to the investigation were made, the Group visited police establishments in the state of Guerrero, the Cocula’s dump, the San Juan’s river and a safe house, among others. The GIEI inspected once again, but this time in the company of crime scene and planimetric expert, the places in Iguala where the attacks occurred. The Group considers that these measures will contribute to the assessment of the different proofs and evidence gathered so far, as well as for new proposals and recommendations.

In addition, the Group made new visits to the Federal Centers for Social Rehabilitation in order to interview some of the defendants, incarcerated in the State of Mexico, Jalisco and Nayarit. Among those interviewed by the Group were Abarca and his wife Pineda.

Finally, having finished the analysis of the Prosecutor’s criminal file, the Group has started the review of the judicial files, to which the Group expects to have full access. 

6. New normalistas’ statements. Due to the interest of the authorities of the Attorney General’s Office to have the surviving normalistas giving a new testimony who are victims and witnesses of the events, a mechanism has been arranged to carry out this request. The Group has helped to facilitate such diligence. It should be noted that the students have shown their readiness to comply with the request; hence it will be done soon.

 7. Meeting of the Attorney General’s Office with the families of the disappeared normalistas. As part of the process of building trust and specific actions of rapprochement between the entities of the State and the family, the Group picked up the request of the families to be received by the new Attorney General. The Attorney General has received this request positively, and in the next few days the date of such meeting will be defined. 

8. Verification of requests for information and inquiries. Since the beginning of its mandate, the Group has made more than one hundred petitions either for relevant information in the criminal file or suggesting concrete steps that the prosecutors should take. Given the complexity and breadth of such requests, in agreement with the Attorney General, a system has been established in order to verify the level of compliance with those requests. According to the joint revision made by the Group and the Attorney General’s Office until now, from the 100% of the petitions made, a 30% has been delivered in a complete manner, 24% partially, and 47% are still pending. The streamlining of the responses to these requests is very important in order to comply with the Group’s mandate within the time limit. The next few days the Group will be making new requests, which are important for the case.

The Group also highlights the relationship of collaboration with the National Human Rights Commission for the exchange of information related to the investigation.

 9. Health Care and Treatment of the Victims of the case. Due to the efforts made with the Ministry of the Interior—SEGOB—, a mobile health unit was installed at the entrance of the normal Ayotzinapa. The Group considers this as a step forward to ensure adequate attention to the health problems affecting family members. On the other hand, the Group has also picked up new health needs of some wounded normalistas after being treated at the hospital during the first days, who suffer consequences that need a specific assessment and an appropriate treatment to improve the functionality of the affected extremities.

The Group has received information from the relatives of Aldo Gutiérrez on a second opinion issued by a Mexican expert, and is attentive to assessment that must be carried out on the conditions that are necessary for a prolonged treatment and appropriate to the circumstances of the family, as well as the possible assessments on other options for his treatment.

Finally, SEGOB sent the Group an initial draft document for information on the rights of the victims in the Ayotzinapa case, which is being evaluated by the Group. 

10. General policies about the disappearance of persons. After the entry into force of the constitutional reform and the new political configuration after the elections, the Group is waiting to hear about the government’s bill while its evaluating the other initiatives presented by legislators that will be discussed in the next few months, in order to give its opinion as to the criteria that should be included in future legislation, as to meet international standards in the field. The Group expects the Act to be approved following a rapid and appropriate processing, given the importance of this problem in Mexico.

Briefly, these is the progress and the outstanding work of the Group to almost four months since the beginning of its mandate entrusted by the petitioners and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

As always, we appreciate the interest of the media and society on our work. 

For more information: Cecilia Navarro prensa.giei.ayotzi@gmail.com (+52) 55 5454 0678.

Déjà vu The University of Arizona and UNAM

Rodolfo F. Acuña

Carlos Slim is not the richest man in the world because of his good looks. He got there the old fashioned way, he used government resources. Slim derived his fortune from his extensive holdings through his conglomerate, Grupo Carso, that is heavily invested in telecommunications, education, health care, industrial manufacturing, food and beverages, real estate, airlines, media, mining, oil, hospitality, entertainment, technology, retail, sports and financial services.

The money maker is the telecommunication company, Telmex, that he and his partners bought in 11990 from the Mexican government at fire sale prices. By 2006, Telmex controlled 90 percent of the telephone lines in Mexico. By March 2015 Slim’s fortune was an estimated $71.2 billion much of it accumulated through privatization of publicly owned groups.

One of his most controversial ventures was ASUR (Aeropuertos del Sureste) through which Slim controls a dozen Mexican airports. Slim reorganized his various enterprises using vertical integration and market consolidation strategies.
By this time, you may be asking what does this have to do with the University of Arizona and UNAM? In February, Ann Weaver Hart, the president of the U of A, released a statement saying: “The UA has been selected by the National Autonomous University of Mexico as the site of a branch center focused on collaborative research. This new center is a culmination of a relationship of many years with UNAM in areas ranging from astronomy to arid lands studies. The UNAM Center for Mexican Studies at the UA will be a unique expression of the depth of our relationship with one of Latin America’s premier research institutions.”
Coming at the end of a two year fight over a similar arrangement between CSUN and UNAM, my first reaction was here we go again.

Most of us remember that in 2010 UNAM along with many institutions in Mexico broke relations with Arizona and the UA in protest of SB 1070 and the rabid anti-Mexican climate in Arizona. UNAM and Mexico wanted to make a statement condemning this abuse. However, five years later most were for letting bygones be bygones, and for 1070 to join the waste basket of forgotten memories.

No matter that the aftershocks of 1070 were still being felt; that Arizona was still trying to rewrite history; and the nation’s premier K-12 Mexican American Studies program had been eliminated. That the Minute Men and the Tea Party still controlled Phoenix and Governor Doug Ducey refused to repeal anti-Mexican legislation. Despite this Arizona was being given a fresh start.

Ducey led a trade mission trip to Mexico City. “At a reception he acknowledged Mexico as our friend and neighbor.” Ducey told anyone who would listen that “he was representing our Tucson Hispanic Chamber and affiliated chambers in SierraVista, Douglas and Nogales. Repeatedly during the trip, Ducey spoke to the 45 business leaders and cabinet members and Mexican guests about a “‘new day and a fresh start’ for Arizona in Mexico.”

The bottom line was Arizona trade with Mexico amounted to over $15.9 billion dollars a year. Ducey made it clear that Arizona business leaders on the trip included leaders in industries such as transportation, legal, metal fabrication, real estate development and mining products.

At Mexico City the University of Arizona and UNAM exchanged memorandums. Reading between the lines, absent were speakers addressing President Enrique Pena Nieto’s federal reforms and his self- vaunted energy reforms. There was no mention of any resolution of Los Normalistas de Ayotzinapa disappearances– and it did not seem as if anyone cared.

Even when addressing the border crisis, the focus was on the imbalance in trade between the two countries. Carlos Slim hosted a reception for over 250 business and political leaders. It was clear that human rights were not a priority of the “Hispanic” leaders who took the opportunity to take selfies with Slim.

Meanwhile, the UA center was called Mexican Studies. The prime movers, according to sources, were the Arizona Office of Tourism and the UA Eller College of Management Economic and Business Research Center. They had conducted a study that found that visitors from Mexico contributed $7.3 million daily to Arizona’s economy.

Slim had visited Phoenix in September 2014. Among the guests were the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Promise Arizona, and East Valley Patriots for Social Justice, the University of Arizona, Arizona State University, United Cerebral Palsy of Central Arizona, along with various other community and advocacy groups. Slim told the business leaders that they should support Ducey because he pushed for positive business relations with Mexico. Nothing was said about repealing anti-immigrant legislation.

According to accounts, before the event, Slim “was mobbed by people wanting to shake his hand and snap a selfie before the event began; he spent the majority of his keynote address talking about the changing economic paradigms in society.”

For anyone engaged in what Slim called “critical thinking,” the events were disheartening because much of the Latino leadership displayed a lack of a historical memory or ethnic pride. Failing to defend the interests of immigrants and students, they ignored the fact that the schools were being rapidly privatized. What was more disheartening was that no one seemed to care, and the leadership of the Latino community was once more rolling over. The ruling classes in the United States were only too willing to erase history so business could go on as usual.

In conclusion in order not to forget what had happened at CSUN, I spoke to several Tucson community leaders about how the idea of the center had come about. DA Morales pointed out “The UofA, now, after years of ignoring any program that seeks collaborative research with Mexican universities is awakening, but not in the humanities or social sciences....in the business college.” The business college had an economic interest much the same as the CSUN administration and College of Social and Behavioral Science had had. The only difference was that at CSUN ChS fought back.

Activists in Derechos Humanos singularly protested NAFTA since 1990. One said “of course what is happening now is the result of that great displacement and disenfranchisement of workers and their families. In Mexico, the result of Harvard and Princeton trained politicians who readily hand over their country for their personal gain; we find rhetoric of collaboration.” There is a similarity between the latter and the Arizona Hispanic business leaders. She added, “Where is the collaboration in migration? In human rights? In the drug trade?”

The source added “At one level.....[from] faculty and possibly at the Heads level, this whole thing has been kept from sight and certainly from discussion.” The professor added that Ducey’s “backers were the Hispanic Chamber of Commerce here in Tucson as well as the Eller Business College.”

Throughout this process, Slim was the main attraction, and “his role in breaking unions in Mexico, charging exploitive rates in communications and building a huge cartel were forgotten.“ Add to this ChS programs invited Slim to lecture on trade with Mexico. El diablo nunca duerme!

There are many versions of how Slim has been able to accumulate his fortune so rapidly. The stories fill the internet. 

Daniel Hopsicker, “Carlos Slim & the Narco-Politicos,” Madcow Morning News, Feb 3, 2009. Diligent Bureaucrat, “Privatization Billionaires,” Daily Kos, Mar 01, 2015. http://www.dailykos.com/…/13646…/-Privatization-Billionaires#

Ann Weaver Hart, President February 25, 2015, http://president.arizona.edu/newsletter/february-ua2u
“Arizona’s Fresh Start in Mexico,” 1030 the Voice, http://www.kvoi.com/hispani…/arizonas-fresh-start-in-mexico/

“UofA To Establish New Center for Mexican Studies,” Arizona Daily Independent, June 29, 2015, https://arizonadailyindependent.com/…/uofa-to-establish-ne…/

“The Carlos Slim Foundation Presents AccesoLatino.org to Top Arizona Latino Leaders,” Sep 22, 2014, http://www.prnewswire.com/…/the-carlos-slim-foundation-pres…. Patrick O'Grady, “Carlos Slim, one of world's richest businessmen, comes to Phoenix to talk trade,” Phoenix Business Journal, Apr 2, 2015. http://www.bizjournals.com/…/carlos-slim-one-of-worlds-rich…

Amelia Goe, “Carlos Slim Helu: Arizona-Mexico relations yet to reach full potential,” Cronkite News, April 22, 2015, http://tucson.com/…/article_19210689-7b3a-5354-8fb0-2a91cd8…

DA Morales, “TUSD using Mexico’s economic model? The rich get richer quicker; HT Sanchez & Carlos Slim thrive in poverty,” Three Sonorans, June 15, 2015. http://threesonorans.com/…/is-tusd-using-mexicos-economic-…/


El TLCAN y la Declaración de la ONU sobre los Derechos de los Pueblos Indígenas.

Monday, June 29, 2015

Ayotzinapa: 4to Informe Grupo Interdisciplinario de Expertos Independientes

29 de junio de 2015

Avances y pendientes

En su cuarto informe público, el Grupo Interdisciplinario de Expertos Independientes (GIEI) para el caso Ayotzinapa hizo un balance sobre las peticiones y diligencias que ha solicitado, el nivel de cumplimiento y lo que aún está pendiente.

Entre los puntos mencionados están: las autoridades continúan evaluando la petición de hacer entrevistas directas al 27 batallón y hay un avance completo en 30% y parcial en 24% de las diligencias adicionales solicitadas a las autoridades. 

El grupo resalta el compromiso de la PGR para dar los pasos necesarios para unificar la investigación, la instalación de una unidad de salud para los padres de familia en la normal de Ayotzinapa y la disposición de familiares de los jóvenes y de los normalistas sobrevivientes de colaborar con las autoridades para continuar la investigación y enriquecer el expediente.

Con respecto a los hechos del 26 de septiembre, el GIEI precisó que la intención inicial de los normalistas no era ir al centro de Iguala, como se ha dicho en diversas ocasiones a lo largo de estos nueve meses.

En conferencia de prensa, Alejandro Valencia, Ángela Buitrago, Carlos Beristain, Claudia Paz y Francisco Cox leyeron el siguiente informe: 

El GIEI presenta en esta ocasión una evaluación del trabajo realizado en su más reciente periodo de actividades. A casi cuatro meses de que comenzó su mandato, el Grupo continúa haciendo un trabajo coordinado con las autoridades y los familiares, así como con los normalistas que sobrevivieron a los ataques sufridos.

A 9 meses de los hechos, los familiares de los normalistas desaparecidos siguen esperando respuestas y nuevos esfuerzos para la búsqueda de sus hijos. El Grupo ha avanzado en el análisis del expediente, así como en la toma de testimonios, en el contraste entre las distintas versiones, declaraciones y pruebas recogidas, así como en la elaboración de su futuro informe.

El Grupo agradece el apoyo material y logístico del Estado para cumplir su mandato.
Los puntos clave del trabajo hecho en este periodo que el GIEI considera importante hacer públicos son:

1. Decisión de ir a la estación de autobuses de Iguala. Con objeto de contribuir a un mejor conocimiento sobre los hechos, el GIEI considera relevante precisar que pese a las informaciones difundidas sobre la llegada de los normalistas el día 26 de septiembre a la Central de Autobuses de Iguala, según las investigaciones que han hecho, dicha acción no fue planificada previamente para acudir al centro de la ciudad. El GIEI ha recibido en numerosas ocasiones preguntas sobre este hecho, por lo que considera importante aclararlo antes de dar sus conclusiones definitivas.

Los normalistas de Ayotzinapa salieron a hacer actividades de boteo el día 26 de septiembre aproximadamente a las 5 de la tarde, con el objetivo de obtener dinero y autobuses para asistir a la marcha del 2 de octubre. Debido a las dificultades que tuvieron los días anteriores para obtener autobuses en la ciudad de Chilpancingo, se dirigieron al lugar conocido como Casa del Cura o cruce de la entrada a Huitzuco y la caseta de Iguala. La decisión posterior de ir a la central de autobuses se debió a circunstancias del momento no previstas de antemano.

2. Compromiso para abrir nuevas líneas de búsqueda. Como parte del compromiso de realizar buenos oficios para el acercamiento entre la Policía Federal y los familiares de los normalistas para el establecimiento de nuevos planes de búsqueda, la Policía Federal realizó en presencia de miembros del GIEI una nueva toma de testimonios de los familiares para completar la información existente. A partir de dichas entrevistas, la Policía Federal se ha comprometido a presentar a los familiares las nuevas hipótesis de búsqueda, así como a responder a las preguntas que los familiares siguen teniendo sobre estas medidas. Igualmente, se acordaron reglas mínimas de pasos a seguir para estas búsquedas. El Grupo señala la buena disposición de los familiares para volver a proporcionar informaciones relativas a los normalistas desparecidos, a pesar del impacto y la movilización emocional que supone para ellos la nueva toma de testimonios. El propio GIEI, después de examinar la documentación obrante en el expediente, ha realizado varias peticiones específicas que espera se tomen en cuenta para dichas búsquedas.

3. Respuesta a la acumulación y tipificación. Debido a la recomendación del GIEI para unificar los procesos y la tipificación de los delitos en el caso Ayotzinapa,  la PGR informó al GIEI que va a solicitar la acumulación de los procesos abiertos del caso. Se acordó con la procuradora general realizar una reunión para que el GIEI colabore con sus criterios en la valoración y tipificación de los delitos cometidos en las 6 causas abiertas que corresponden a 15 procesos (Tamaulipas, Morelos, Guerrero), según la información proporcionada por las autoridades. Dicha acción es un paso adelante para que hechos tan graves puedan ser investigados de manera integral y juzgados de acuerdo con los estándares internacionales en este tipo de casos.

4. Respuesta a la petición de entrevistar a miembros del 27 batallón. El día de ayer se recibió por escrito la respuesta de que “el Estado continúa analizando la procedencia de la solicitud”, así como que se reitera “que en su carácter de coadyuvante, el GIEI está facultado en todo momento a sugerir al Ministerio Público ampliar las declaraciones que los 36 miembros (sic) del 27 Batallón hicieron en calidad de testigos”.

Más de tres meses después de haber realizado la petición a las autoridades de entrevistar directamente a los militares del 27 batallón, incluyendo aquellos cuyos testimonios no han sido tomados, el GIEI señala con preocupación el retraso en esta decisión. Hay que tener en cuenta que han pasado 9 meses desde los hechos y la urgencia que dichas acciones tienen para los familiares de las víctimas, así como el tiempo restringido de seis meses que el GIEI tiene para llevar a cabo su mandato. En opinión del Grupo esta demora limita los esfuerzos por avanzar en la investigación de los hechos y las nuevas acciones y perspectivas en la búsqueda de los desaparecidos.

5. Nuevas diligencias. En el mes pasado se hicieron diversas diligencias en lugares relevantes vinculados con la investigación. El grupo visitó establecimientos policiales, el basurero de Cocula, el río San Juan y una casa de seguridad, entre otros lugares del estado de Guerrero. También hizo una nueva inspección de los sitios en donde se cometieron los ataques en la ciudad de Iguala. Dichas acciones se llevaron a cabo junto con peritos del Grupo, expertos en criminalística de campo y planimetría. El GIEI considera que estas diligencias contribuirán a la valoración de las diferentes pruebas y evidencias recogidas hasta ahora, así como a realizar nuevas propuestas y recomendaciones.

Además, el GIEI hizo nuevas visitas a los Centros Federales de Readaptación Social para la toma de testimonios de personas inculpadas que se encuentran recluidas en el Estado de México, Veracruz, Jalisco y Nayarit.

Por último, habiendo terminado la revisión del expediente de la averiguación previa de la PGR, el Grupo ha comenzado la revisión de los expedientes penales en el ámbito judicial, a los cuales espera tener pleno acceso.

6. Nuevas declaraciones de los normalistas. Debido al interés de las autoridades de la PGR para contar con nuevas declaraciones de los normalistas que fueron víctimas y testigos de los hechos, se ha concertado un mecanismo para tomar testimonios que la PGR considera importantes. El GIEI ha realizado sus buenos oficios para facilitar dicha diligencia y los normalistas han mostrado su disposición para participar en ella, por lo que se hará próximamente. Se espera que con estas declaraciones se pueda completar la información ya existente, incluyendo la que los normalistas dieron poco después de los hechos.

7. Reunión de la PGR con los familiares de los normalistas desaparecidos. Como parte del proceso de generar confianza y acciones específicas de acercamiento entre las entidades del Estado y los familiares, el GIEI recogió la solicitud de los familiares de ser recibidos por la Procuradora General. Dicha petición ha sido acogida de forma positiva por la Procuradora, por lo que en los próximos días se definirá la fecha de dicho encuentro.

8. Verificación de las solicitudes de información y diligencias. Desde que comenzó su mandato, el GIEI ha hecho más de cien peticiones de información relevantes o de diligencias significativas para la evaluación y el impulso de la investigación. Dada la complejidad y la amplitud de las mismas, se ha establecido un sistema para verificar el cumplimiento de dichas solicitudes. Hasta ahora se ha cumplido un 30% de forma completa, un 24% de forma parcial y un 47% aún están pendientes, según la revisión conjunta hecha por el GIEI y la PGR. La agilización de la respuesta a estas peticiones es muy importante para cumplir con el mandato del Grupo en el tiempo establecido. En los próximos días el GIEI hará nuevas solicitudes importantes para el caso.

Igualmente, el Grupo resalta la relación de colaboración con la CNDH para el intercambio de información relativa a la investigación.   

9. Atención en salud. Debido a las gestiones realizadas con la Secretaría de Gobernación, fue instalada una unidad móvil de salud en la entrada de la normal de Ayotzinapa. El GIEI considera dicha medida un paso adelante para asegurar una atención adecuada a los familiares en los problemas de salud que les afectan. Por otra parte, también ha recogido nuevas necesidades de salud de algunos normalistas heridos que después de ser atendidos en el hospital los primeros días, sufren secuelas que necesitan una valoración específica y un tratamiento adecuado para mejorar la funcionalidad de las extremidades afectadas.

El GIEI ha recibido información de los familiares de Aldo Gutiérrez sobre una segunda opinión emitida por un experto mexicano, y está atento a la valoración que se debe realizar sobre las condiciones que se necesitan para un tratamiento prolongado en el tiempo y adecuado a las circunstancias de la familia, así como las posibles valoraciones sobre otras opciones para su tratamiento.

Por último, la Segob envió al GIEI un borrador inicial de documento para la información sobre los derechos de las víctimas del caso Ayotzinapa, el cual está siendo evaluado por el Grupo.

10. Políticas generales sobre la desaparición de personas. Después de la entrada en vigor de la reforma constitucional y la nueva configuración política tras las elecciones, el GIEI está a la espera de conocer el proyecto de ley gubernamental a la vez que está evaluando las otras iniciativas presentadas por legisladores que se discutirán en los próximos meses, para dar su opinión respecto a los criterios que deberían ser incluidos en una futura legislación, a fin de que cumpla con los estándares internacionales en la materia. El GIEI espera que pueda aprobarse dicha ley siguiendo una tramitación rápida y adecuada, debido a la importancia que tiene esta problemática en México.

Estos son, brevemente, los avances y los pendientes del trabajo del Grupo a casi cuatro meses de que inició el mandato que le fue encomendado por los peticionarios y por la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos.

Como siempre, agradecemos el interés de los medios y de la sociedad por nuestro trabajo.

Más información con Cecilia Navarro, al correo prensa.giei.ayotzi@gmail.com o al cel. 555454 0678.

Sunday, June 21, 2015


“Cantinflear,” termino que significa hablar mucho, dar vueltas al asunto, y al final no decir nada. 

Pero también “Cantinflear” es un termino muy mexicano que significa ser enamorado, bravucón, aparentar lo que uno no es cuando conviene, y cuando no, pues ser peladito de carpa que hace reír a la gente con vulgaridades y arrebatos. Sin embargo, “Cantinflear” también signi-fica colaborar con el estado mexicano en sus proyectos de masa o educación publica, donde un individuo “individualmente” defiende al pueblo contra los males que lo aquejan como en las pe-lículas de Cantinflas, en las que se incluye el papel de policía honesto, padrecito que lucha por el pueblo, barrendero cuyo premio es una barredora de la Corporación norteamericana FMC, siem-pre luchando por defender al oprimido. Pase lo que pase “Cantinflear” deja a las masas con una satisfacción imaginaria que las cosas puede cambiar puesto que un Cantinflas, Un Chapulin Co-lorado, un Super Barrio sera el proximo senador, el proximo presidente que de verdad, “si va a venir a cambiar las cosas” y por tal pues hay que esperar sin hacer nada porque un super héroe vendrá a salvarnos.

Bueno, “Cantinflear: es la actitud urbana de un pueblo mexicano acostumbrado a la co-rrupción, a la mordida, y ahora hasta la desaparición masiva de millares de personas. Sin embar-go para los pueblos indígenas esta la contraparte en el personaje de La India Maria que lucha como trabajadora domestica, y combate el racismo contra el indígena, inocentemente desafiando politicos, policías, millonarios y el pueblo contaminado de desprecio. Todo por supuesto, orques-tado desde las entrañas de televisa, utilizando un populismo vulgar para seguir imponiendo valo-res artificiales y programando votantes que prefieren elegir un Presidente casado con una Gavio-ta de Telenovela, o un futbolista popular como Cuahutemoc Blanco para seguir con el idealismo deportivo o de telenovela sin que cuaje una unidad de pueblo basado en los intereses reales del trabajador, el campesino, el indígena. Muchas veces prefieren votar para alguien al servicio del opresor, para que los salve del mismo opresor, que hacer lo que hicieron los Purepecha en Che-ran, y los pueblos indígenas de Guerrero, que impusieron sus usos y costumbres echando afuera a los partidos. Mientras en Guerrero, La India Maria moderna llamada Rigoberta Menchu, aboga por la “democracia” de un narco voto que aparenta participación y es orquestada desde TV AZ-TECA, TELEVISA, UNIVISION, CNN En Español, NBC, ABC, y todos los medios al servicio de la Banca Mundial y Wall Street.

A estos niveles ya no estamos para caricaturas que den soluciones al pueblo; donde el prometer no empobrece, pero si enriquece a los politicos con el sudor del pueblo que supuesta-mente defienden. Niveles, donde los partidos aquí en U.S.A. y en Mexico siguen transando y prometiendo “reformas” y el pueblo sigue poseído por el ultimo pecado de la Caja de Pandora, “La Esperanza,” que lo tiene esperando el proximo sexenio o la próxima elección presidencial donde ahora si vendrá un “Colosio” o un “Lincoln” a enderezar el barco que se hunde para el pueblo; mientras, un Carlos Slim no solo flota como el Tio de Donald Duck en arcas de dinero, sino que se hace dueño de los centros de lavado de cerebro como el periódico New York Times para seguir vendiendo el Pecado de la “Esperanza.”

Wednesday, June 17, 2015

Letter to President Enrique Peña Nieto, Mexico

February 26, 2015

Sr. Presidente Enrique Peña Nieto
Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores de México

Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan (TLACHINOLLAN) Tlachi.internacional@gmail.com
TONATIERRA chantlaca@tonatierra.org
Padres de los Desaparecidos en Ayotzinapa

Ladies and Gentlemen:

May this letter serve to add our names to the worldwide denunciation of the Mexican government in light of the disappearance of the 43 students from Ayotzinapa and to affirm our decision to withhold all participation in academic and /or cultural activities sponsored by Mexican consulates in the United States or by any other entities linked to the Mexican government.

The failure of the Mexican government to acknowledge responsibility and furthermore its attempt to cover up the heinous acts perpetrated in Ayotzinapa are unconscionable and leave us further convinced that these acts constitute cases of forced disappearance carried out by the Mexican state.  There is abundant evidence of the shameful complicity of the state and local governments in Guerrero as well as in Iguala with the drug traffickers Guerreros Unidos' henchmen in the attack against these students of the Normal School of Ayotzinapa that left more than 20 wounded and 6 dead as well as 43 disappeared, whose bodies have probably been incinerated.  These crimes leave us horrified, appalled and indignant.  That the national Mexican government has cast a blind eye and sought to dismiss foreign forensic coroner reports with respect to the evidence and that the government closed off the investigation, offering its own perverse version of events, only serve to underscore that the Mexican government has no interest in bringing justice to the families and the nation.

More than 70,000 Mexicans have died since 2006 and more than 27,000 have been disappeared.  We stand appalled before the Mexican government's inaction and impunity and we demand justice for the parents of all these disappeared, dead and wounded individuals.  In protest, we have decided and stand committed not to participate in any official act sponsored by the Mexican government.

We are all Ayotzinapa.

The signators below are Chicano/a and Latino/a  professors and students at U.S. academic institutions. 

Rosaura Sánchez, Univ. of California, San Diego

Manuel Hernández, Arizona State University

Beatrice Pita, Univ. of California, San Diego

Miguel Tinker Salas, Pomona College

Jaime Concha, Univ. of California, San Diego

Jake Mattox, Indiana University

Norma Cantú, University of Missouri

Daniel Gutierrez, Univ. of California, San Diego

Ivonne del Valle, University of Calif., Santa Barbara

Shelley Streeby, Univ. of California, San Diego

Melissa Moreno, Univ. of California, Davis

Yu Yu-Fang Cho, Miami University, Ohio

Linda Heidenreich, Washington State University

Adrian Arancibia, Miramar Community College

Ofelia Ortiz Cuevas, Univ. of Calif. Los Angeles

Benjamin Balthaser, University of Indiana

Mariana Marin, Univ. of Calif. San Diego

Leslie Quintanilla, Univ. of Cali. San Diego

Emma Perez, Univ. of Colorado

Jose Gomez, Univ. of Arizona

Lucinda Rubio-Barrick, Univ. of California, San Diego

Irene Mata, Wellesley College

Alicia Ivonne Estrada, Calif. State U., Northridge

Irmary Reyes-Santos, Univ. of Oregon

David Vazquez, Univ. of Oregon

John D. Marquez, Northwestern University

Jose Juan Gomez-Becerra, Arizona State Univ.

Melissa Martinez, Univ. of Calif., San Diego

Angie Chabram, Univ. of Calif. Davis

Sandra Soto, University of Arizona

Omar Pimienta, Univ. of Calif., San Diego

Marcella Vargas Navarro, Univ. of Calif., San Diego

Gloria Chacón, Univ. of Calif., San Diego

Iris Ruiz, University of Calid., Merced

Isabel Baca, Univ. of Texas, El Paso

María Isabel Herrera, Calif. State Univ., Northridge

Mary Pardo, Calif. State Univ., Northridge

Marta Escobar, Calif. State Univ., Northridge

Marta Gonzales, Calif State Univ., San Marcos

César Rodríguez, Calif State Univ., San Marcos

Rafael Hernández, Calif State Univ., San Marcos

Elias Serna, Univ. of Calif., Riverside

Thomas Carrasco, Santa Barbara City College

Marcial González, Univ., California, Berkeley

David Barrera, Univ., California, Davis

Teresa Jiménez, Stanford University

Emma Amorette Appel, Stanford University

Abraham Ramírez, Univ., California, Berkeley

Arístedes Dimitriou, Univ., California, Berkeley

María Guadalupe Arroyo,Univ., California, Berkeley

Cynthia García, Stanford University

Brenda Elizabeth López, Univ., California, Berkeley

Yesenia JamisonUniv., California, Berkeley

Jessica M. Gutiérrez, Univ., California, Berkeley
June 15, 2015

Programa semanal de los Comités de Defensa del Barrio cada lunes en Radio 1190 AM de 4:00-5:00 PM desde Phoenix, Arizona: Reporte del Centro de Derechos de la Montaña TLACHINOLLAN desde Guerrero, Mexico - La Caída de Arpaio - La Lucha del Comité de Defensa de Mesa Royal contra la discriminación en Mesa, Arizona - SOLIDARIDAD de ARIZONA a AYOTZINAPA : Asambleas Populares y la Descolonización Continental de Abya Yala - HUELGA del PUEBLO en los Consulados Mexicanos Sábado 20 de Junio - LA GRAN PACHANGA MACEHUALLI.

Derechos Civiles - Derechos Humanos - Derechos Indígenas